The Inti Raymi or Sun Feast was the most important festival during the Incan times. It was celebrated on the day of winter solstice “solar new year” for a town whose main object of worship was the Inti god (The sun god) in the Plaza of Huacaypata (Plaza de Armas) in Cusco.
The importance of the religious, ceremonial, social, and political festival was such that it spread throughout all of Tahuantinsuyo. After the Spanish conquest, the ceremony was suppressed by the Catholic Church and the Andean society celebrating the feast of the sun was dismembered.
In 1944 a group of intellectuals and artists from Cusco lead by Humberto Vidal Unda decided to recover the Inti Raymi of the past and present it as a theatrical show destined for the entire population of Cusco and is represented every 24th of June. Since then, with very few exceptions, it has been represented each year enriched and evolved by historical research.
The Inti Raymi, during the Incan time, was a religious ceremony now it is a theater presentation. However this presentation generates a sense of identity in the town evoking values and memories that are still relevant in our days; it also brings to memory a time that lives in the heart of the town of Cusco.